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I read this today:
The fourth day of Megalesia continues with Ludi scenici. Originally the Ludi Megalesia consisted of theater shows shown on a single day, 10 April, and only on the Palatine Hill in front of the Temple of Magna Mater. In fact it was first at Megalesia that ludi scenici were first introduced to Rome in 193 or 191 BCE. It was likewise in the Ludi Megalesia that new forms of dance and music were first introduced. Apparently that tradition continued into the Late Republic when Cicero claimed that Catalina had desacrated the Ludi Megalesia when he brought in new dances, and he accused Clodius of incestum for adopting a new form of music for the games. Cicero insisted that only the playing of flutes and strings should accompany ludi scenici, since
". . . nothing can so easily influence young and impressionable minds as the variety of vocal sounds; one can hardly express what an enormous power that exerts for better or worse. It animates the sluggish, calms the excited; now it relaxes the emotions, now it makes them tense. In Greece many states would have benefited from retaining the old-fashioned manner of singing. As it was, their characters changed along with their singing and degenerated into effeminancy. Either they were corrupted, as some think, by the sweet seductiveness of the music, or, after their sternness had been subverted by other vices, their ears and souls became changed, leaving room for this musical change too." ~ M. Tullius Cicero, De Legibus 2.38

Yes, that's right, children. There have been people like Cicero around for millenia screaming sacrilege at the introduction of ragtime, or jazz, or swing, or warning how rock-n-roll will rot your mind, how wild dances cause licentious behavior and will lead to a generation of degenerates, and how new visual displays will corrupt the youth of Rome! I heard Cicero scream when Elvis was thought to usher in the end of the world, then when the Beatles arrived, and my father and grandfathers heard the same in their times. Somewhere today Cicero cries "Sacrilege!" at the sound of Cage the Elephant.

AUC 1282 / 529 CE: Justinian closes the Academia at Athens.
The Academia founded by Plato had greatly declined, as had Athens itself, by 336 BCE. But at the beginning of the fifth century it received a large endowment and revived under the leadership first of Proclus, then Isidorus, and finally Damascius. At first Justinian prohibited cultores Deorum from teaching. It was one of several measures he took at the beginning of his reign against those who remained loyal to the culti Deorum ex patria. Then in April he closed the Academy at Athens, but this did not end the Academy itself. Then, by the early part of 532, Justinian confiscated the Academia's endowment. Damascius at first moved the Academy and its faculty to Harran, where it remained, still honoring the ancient Gods, until the arrival of the Turks at the end of the eleventh century. Even that was not the end of the Academia. Accounts of the cultores Deorum and their practices were a normal part of the stories brought back by Christian pilgrims to Jerusalem before the First Crusade. Many of the students and faculty of the Academia at Harran had travelled to Damascus well before this time, and then to Bagdad, making that city the center of learning and the Neoplatonic Academia of Damascus laid the foundation of Islamic philosophy. When the Abbasids drove out the Umayyads from Damascus, they travelled to Spain where they established the Caliphate of Cordoba, and with them the remaining members of the Academia followed. It was then from such Islamic beacons of learning that preserved the Academia that a humanist revival arrived in Europe during the Renaissance.

Today's brief thought is taken from Monimus, an obscure Cynic who is quoted by Marcus Aurelius, Meditations 2.15:
"All is as thinking makes it so."



What has been shall always be again.
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The epic poem Punica about the Second Punic War (the famous one with Hannibal-not-the-cannibal)....

Amazon statue from Herculaneum being recreated via technology....from its paint job.

I am all a-quiver. :)
vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (vestal virgin)

 ETA: So that's wierd.... no link. Dunno why.
 try HERE

You Scored as protector of the people

the protector of the people had to stop laws being passed that were unfair on the citizenry of rome, the senate had to constantly explain why they wanted to pass laws to you and you could even stop the emperor from passing laws but unfortunately in a clever move the emperors commandeered this position


protector of the people










palace guard





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Your result for The Mythological Goddess Test...


Indeed, you are 79% erudite, 58% sensual, 63% martial, and 46% saturnine.

Another virgin Goddess (Diana or Artemis being the other), Minerva was, just like her Greek counterpart Athena, the Goddess of Wisdom and Freedom as well as an all powerful Goddess of War, which made her a most formidable opponent indeed.

Among the many disciplines that fell under her control were: writing, the sciences, architecture, embroidery, and just about anything else dealing with artistic skills, wise counsel, and of course battle and warfare.

Like Athena, owls were considered sacred to Minerva, representing wisdom. She was a very wise warrior, respected by the Roman legions.

She was also, no kidding, the Goddess of Women's Rights and patroness of career women.

The Fifteen Goddesses

These are the 15 categories of this test. If you score above average in …

…all or none of the four variables: Neit. …
Erudite: Minerva. …
Sensual: Aphrodite. …
Martial: Artemis. …
Saturnine: Persephone. …

Erudite & Sensual: Isis. …
Erudite & Martial: Sekhmet. …
Erudite & Saturnine: Nemesis. …
Sensual & Martial: Hera. …
Sensual & Saturnine: Bast. …
Martial & Saturnine: Ilamatecuhtli. …

Erudite, Sensual & Martial: Maeve. …
Erudite, Sensual & Saturnine: Freya. …
Erudite, Martial & Saturnine: Sedna. …
Sensual, Martial & Saturnine: Macha.

Take The Mythological Goddess Test at HelloQuizzy

vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (candle on the water)
Courtesy of Moravius Piscinus Horatianus Quiritibus, of Nova Roma:

AUC 1168 / 415 CE: Martyrdom of Hypatia at Alexandria at the hands of a Christian mob.

"There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. On account of the self-possession and ease of manner, which she had acquired in consequence of the cultivation of her mind, she not unfrequently appeared in public in presence of the magistrates. Neither did she feel abashed in going to an assembly of men. For all men on account of her extraordinary dignity and virtue admired her the more."
~ Socrates Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, from the PG, Volume 67. Columns 767-770.

I remember the first time I heard of Hypatia. I was stunned. Impressed. Delighted.
Then infuriated. 
Hypatia and the Library. The two most glorious things about Alexandria, destroyed by selfish little men, selfishly afraid of the truth. 
Sounds awfully familiar, these days.

Memento Hypatia.
Hypatia In Aeternum.

vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (Default)
Minerva, from Etruscan Menvra, goddess of wisdom, war and healing. Along with Iuppiter and Iuno she formed part of the Capitoline Triad and shared the great temple to Iuppiter Optimus Maximus, her cella was to his right. Sextus Pompeius in 61 B.C.E vowed a great temple to Minerva, modelling himself on Alexander the Great who was devoted to Athena. This temple is believed to be found at the foot of the Pincian hill.

Drawn from the Nova Roma list.

Minerva -- the other Roman goddess I admire and respect. Wise counsel in war; wise counsel in peace. Calm. Balanced. True.

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Erotic carvings and excavated Roman artefacts connected to sex go on display Saturday in Germany's best-preserved ancient Roman city, Trier.

The temporary exhibition, 100,000 Years of Sex, comprises 250 items, mainly archaeological.

The Rest of the Story


Exhibition includes what they are calling The World's Oldest Condom.

*blink blink*

*fights off fit of giggles*

I so need to show this to Karessa....

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An ancient Roman pan, which was made sometime after AD 122 but was only uncovered in 2003, is to go on display at Arbeia Roman Fort on Saturday January 5 2007.

Unearthed by a man using a metal detector in the Staffordshire Moorlands, the pan is a tiny cast copper-alloy bowl missing its base and handle and shows exceptional craftsmanship.

It will go on display until April 27 2008 alongside a selection of enamelled finds from Arbeia, and staff hope it will offer visitors valuable insights into the history of Hadrian’s Wall as Alex Croom, Senior Keeper of Archaeology and Curator at Arbeia Roman Fort, explained. 

The Rest of the Story
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The story of Rome is littered with references to classical deities and their hands-on approach to the success of Rome. Oneof the Roman favorites were the twin deities, Castor and Pollux (the Gemini of astrology and myth). 

In some mythology, only Castor was immortal, his twin brother was not. When Castor learned that his brother had to die while he himself lived on, he pleaded to Zeus his father to let him give up his immortality and fade and die like his twin. Zeus was touched by the love one brother had for the other and made them both immortal, raising them into the stars.

The Battle of the Lake Regillus
by Thomas Babington Macaulay, Lord Macaulay
Ho, trumpets, sound a war-note!
Ho, lictors(1), clear the way!
The Knights will ride, in all their pride,
Along the streets to-day.
To-day the doors and windows
Are hung with garlands all,
From Castor in the Forum(2),
To Mars without the wall.
Each Knight is robed in purple,
With olive each is crowned;
A gallant war-horse under each
Paws haughtily the ground.
While flows the Yellow River(3),
While stands the Sacred Hill(4),
The proud Ides of Quintilis(5)
Shall have such honor still.
Gay are the Martian Kalends(6),
December's Nones are gay(7),
But the proud Ides, when the squadron rides,
Shall be Rome's whitest day. (8)


Unto the Great Twin Brethren (9)
We keep this solemn feast.
Swift, swift, the Great Twin Brethren
Came spurring from the east.
They came o'er wild Parthenius (10)
Tossing in waves of pine,
O'er Cirrha's dome, o'er Adria's foam,
O'er purple Apennine,
From where with flutes and dances
Their ancient mansion rings,
In lordly Lacedæmon(11),
The City of two kings, (12)
To where, by Lake Regillus,
Under the Porcian height,
All in the lands of Tusculum,
Was fought the glorious fight. ...
For the rest of Macaulay's poem ClickyHere

NOTES etc )

vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (Default)
Whaddya say, lads? Arrrrrr we Rrrrrrroman or not?!?


The Romans started with no navy or naval warfare experience, but that didn’t stop them.

By Richard A. Gabriel

In 31 bc the last two great generals of the Roman civil wars faced each other at Actium off the coast of Greece in a naval battle that would settle the future of Rome. For months Mark Antony and Egyptian Queen Cleopatra had tried in vain to break Octavian’s land and naval blockade of their forces in Greece. By late summer Antony’s armies were low on supplies and ravaged by disease. On September 2 his fleet of more than 200 ships carrying 20,000 marines and 2,000 archers put to sea to challenge the blockade. They faced a fleet of some 400 ships carrying 16,000 marines and 3,000 archers under the command of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.

See the rest of the article HERE.

vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (candle on the water)
Vienna - Archaeologists in the western Austrian province Tyrol unearthed the remains of a large-scale Roman villa, complete with extensive floor mosaics that may have been also a source for a number of local legends.

The archaeologists from Innsbruck University stumbled upon references to the 1 800-year-old, long since forgotten building situated near the town Lienz in a manuscript penned in Latin, dating back to the mid-18th century. Tyrolean proto-archaeologist Anton Roschmann wrote that he found Roman remains in 1746, but his findings were lost, the Austrian Press Agency reported.

During a dig in October the remains of five rooms of a building dating back to Roman times wear unearthed on a 300-square-metre plot. The remains of the walls show colourful wall paintings, the archaeologists said, but the most astounding find were large-scale floor mosaics in three of the rooms.

Read the rest of the story here
vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (dark is rising)
 Full story here

Archaeologists have discovered a Roman cemetery from about 300 A.D. in suburban Copenhagen with about 30 graves, a newspaper reported Wednesday.

"It is something special and rare in Denmark to have so many (ancient Roman) graves in one place," archaeologist Rune Iversen was quoted as saying by the Roskilde Dagblad newspaper.

The graveyard's exact location in Ishoej, southwest of downtown Copenhagen, was being kept secret until the archaeologists from the nearby Kroppedal Museum have completed their work, the newspaper wrote. No one at the museum could be immediately be reached for comment.

vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (vesta goddess pic)
Cyprus to seek ancient shipwrecks off its coast
Thu 6 Sep 2007, 15:21 GMT

By Michele Kambas

NICOSIA, Sept 6 (Reuters Life!) - Cyprus is to launch sea surveys in an area where dozens of vessels led by warring successors to Alexander the Great are believed to have sunk in battle for control over the island in 306 BC.

Encouraged by the discovery of one wreck from a later Roman era, the survey slated for the summer of 2008 will extend into deep waters from the south-east tip of the island, known as Cape Greco, the island's Antiquities Department said.

vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (vesta goddess pic)
 Construction Workers Discover Ancient Roman Graves
Construction Workers Discover Ancient Roman Graves
The discovered graves are in the northern part of the Cibalaea necropolis, located in the present day Vinkovci area in Roman times.

Graves containing five skeletons were discovered in the course of excavations and initial work on the construction of a residential building in Juraj Dalmatinac Street, not far from the centre of Vinkovci, confirmed Anita Rapan Repesa, an archaeologist at the Vinkovci town museum.

The discovered graves are in the northern part of the Cibalaea necropolis, a district that was located in the area of present day Vinkovci in Roman times, says Rapan Repesa. 

"The skeletons date from the period between the 2nd and 4th century and, since no accompanying objects or jewelry were discovered in the graves, we assume that these were either poor people who were buried here or that the graves are from the Christian period," said the archaeologist. 

Archaeological research on the site in Juraj Dalmatinac Street continues and the remains will be sent to the Zagreb anthropology institute for analysis.

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LONDON - London's building boom has given archeologists an unexpected bonus -- the city's ancient past is being laid bare.

The latest piece of the historical jigsaw is most of the interior decor of a rich merchant's dining room dating to 120 AD when the Roman emperor Hadrian ruled an Empire stretching from northern England to northern Africa.

The decorated plaster was discovered under the floor of an Italian delicatessen on the edge of Leadenhall Market which is next to the site of what was the city's Roman town hall.

One section of the green, blue and terra cotta coloured murals painted on plaster show a girl's head, a bunch of grapes and candelabra.

"This is an amazing discovery because it allows us to reconstruct the decoration within a Roman London room from the early second century," said Museum of London archaeologist Sophie Jackson.

"It is incredibly rare to have this much decorated plaster of such high artistic quality," she said Tuesday.

The archeologists, who were astounded by the quality and quantity of their discovery -- 45 crates full of Roman plaster have been removed from the site -- believe the house was destroyed by fire.

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During the archaeological excavations that went on at the Baltic Exchange in the city of London (the site where the 'Gherkin' now is) a skeleton of a young teenage girl was found - in a ditch away from the Roman cemetery area. The developers wanted to re-bury the skeleton on the site. This is not something you are allowed to do these days - skeletons have to be buried in licensed burial grounds (and the nearest to the city of London is currently out in Ilford, in the county of Essex well to the east of London.). The developers persisted for quite some years until the Corporation of London agreed that she could be buried in a metal box under the pavement in Bury Street with a suitable inscription.

On April 17th 2007, the body was laid to rest with a humanist service at St Botolph's Aldgate followed by a musical procession attended by the Lord Mayor of London and other dignitaries with a wine and rose petal libation. The respect afforded to this young Roman girl, and the sensitivity of the service, are to be commended.

Wow. Who'd of thunk? Wonder why the developers felt so strongly?
vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (vesta goddess pic)
Interesting stuff. Looks like Vulcan, like Vesta his counterpart, and the Lares and Penates (the gods of the pantry and household) are remnants from Rome's pre-Greek days. The greeks never fed Hepheastus fish, after all... and sympathetic sacrifices that probably once were human, replaced with animals... oh totally cool stuff!

Gotta love the Dii Consentes, in the pre-Greek days. Much more interesting than their post-Greek days.

Or, as that famous son of Vulcan once said....



by C. Aurelia Falco Silvana

In this month of Sextilis (August), Nova Roma celebrates the summer festival of Volcanus. He held a revered place among the 12 Dii Consentes, the Gods specially honored by all Romans. As one of the 12, Volcanus merited both a flamen (or priest) and festivals – one on May 23, and the Volcanalia we celebrate on August 23. In his Roman aspect, Volcanus was God of destructive, consuming fire. He was associated both with fire generated in the natural world (lightning, volcanic eruption) and human-caused blazes. Volcanus stands in contrast to Vesta, Goddess of benevolent fire. (1) He later was regarded as the God of metalworkers and smelting, identified with theGreek God Hephaestus. His title of "mulciber" has been taken to refer both to softening metals in the forge (2) , and to quenching flame (1).

From the most ancient known times, Volcanus was worshipped under names that varied but definitely not Latin: Vulcan, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus. The closest-sounding name is from Crete (1); there are hints at Etruscan connections too. The Etruscan God of forge and smithy was Sethlans. The only Etruscan sculptor whose name survived was called Vulca(3). The Etruscan city of Vulci was renowned for its highly skilled bronze workers – more than mere coincidence? Because he was associated with volcanoes whose destructive force came up from the earth, his temples were always to be outside a city – on the authority of Etruscan haruspices:

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Ancient Romans built their towns based on astronomical grids

Washington, May 9 : Ancient Romans built their towns using astronomically aligned grids, a recently concluded Italian study has revealed.

As part of the study, researchers examined the orientation of some 38 towns in Italy, and found that all of them followed strong symbolic aspects linked to astronomy.

"It emerged that these towns were not laid out at random. On the contrary, they were planned following strong symbolic aspects, all linked to astronomy," said Giulio Magli of the mathematics department at Milan's Polytechnic University.

While ancient Roman writers, including Ovid and Plutarch, have documented how the foundation of a new town took into account the flight of birds and other astronomical references, "however, the link between Roman towns and sky symbolism has never been fully investigated," Magli said.

vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (Default)
Now that is the way to get my attention! My persona is based out of Roman Ephesus. This excavation sounds fascinating!

The ‘Ephesus’ of the Black Sea to be unveiled

Tuesday, July 24, 2007
ZONGULDAK - Anatolia news Agency

  The remains of an ancient city on the Black Sea coast will be unearthed for the first time next month. Archaeologists are beginning excavations and underwater dives with the aim of unveiling the architectural plan of Teion (or Tion), located in Zonguldak's Filyos district.

  Speaking to the Anatolia news agency, archaeologist Sümer Atasoy said the excavation team conducted surface research last year but that the major digging will start in August with a 30-member excavation team.

  He said they had outlined an aqueduct, a theater, defensive walls, a breakwater, a port and port walls by examining remains close to the surface. “The ancient city hosted many civilizations including Persians, Romans, Genoas and Ottomans. The work, which was carried out for the first time on the black Sea coast, indicates that the ancient city was an important trade center in the region. Its inhabitants sold forest products and bonitos. We uncovered an ancient Roman theater with a 2,000-person capacity as well as marble and bronze statues.”  

vesta_aurelia: Fangirl your Armor (Default)

Yeah, money made the world go around from the first. Some Roman graves found in the UK in York have revealed a Roman burial ground a stone coffin...

And some graves found in what is now West Hungary

I love those Romans. Burial grounds and sewer systems -- how they made the commonplace so durable!


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